The right to submit proposals for the Nobel Prize in Literature shall, by statute, be enjoyed by:
Members of the Swedish Academy and of other academies, institutions and societies which are similar to it in construction
Professors of literature and of linguistics at universities and university colleges
Previous Nobel Prize Laureates in Literature
|Presidents of those societies of authors that are representative of the literary production
in their respective countries.
Process of Nomination and Selection
The Swedish Academy is responsible for the selection of the Nobel Laureates in Literature, and has 18 members. The Nobel
Committee for Literature is the working body that evaluates the nominations and presents its recommendations to the Swedish
Academy, and comprises four to five members.
Who is eligible for the Nobel Prize in Literature?
The candidates eligible for the Literature Prize are those nominated by qualified persons
who have received an invitation from the Nobel Committee to submit names for consideration. Other persons who are qualified
to nominate but have not received invitations may also submit nominations.
Below is a brief description of the process involved in choosing the Nobel Laureates in Literature.
September – Nomination forms are sent out. The Nobel Committee sends out invitation letters to 600-700
individuals and organizations qualified to nominate for the Nobel Prize in Literature.
February – Deadline for submission. The completed forms must reach the Nobel Committee not later than
31 January of the following year. The Committee then screens the nominations and submits a list for approval by the Academy.
April – Preliminary candidates. After further studies, the Committee selects 15–20 names for consideration
as preliminary candidates by the Academy.
May – Final candidates. The Committee whittles down the list to five priority candidates to be considered
by the Academy.
June-August – Reading of productions. The members of the Academy read and assess the work of the final
candidates during the summer. The Nobel Committee also prepares individual reports.
September – Academy members confer. Having read the work of the final candidates, members of the Academy
discuss the merits of the different candidates' contribution.
October – Nobel Laureates are chosen. In early October, the Academy chooses the Nobel Laureate in Literature.
A candidate must receive more than half of the votes cast. The Nobel Laureates names are then announced.
December – Nobel Laureates receive their prize. The Nobel Prize Award Ceremony takes place on 10 December
in Stockholm, where the Nobel Laureates receive their Nobel Prize, which consists of a Nobel Medal and Diploma, and a document
confirming the prize amount.
Are the nominations made public?
The statutes of the Nobel Foundation restrict disclosure of information about the nominations, whether publicly or privately,
for 50 years. The restriction concerns the nominees and nominators, as well as investigations and opinions related to the
award of a prize.
The Nobel Committee then consults experts in the relevant fields about the list of preliminary candidates. Using advice
from the experts the Nobel Committee then writes a report, which along with the list is signed and then submitted to the prize
awarding institutions.The prize-awarding institutions meet to consider the lists and vote on who will become the next laureate
or laureates in each field. This is done through a majority vote and their decision is final and not subject to appeal. The
names of the laureates are announced immediately after the vote. A maximum of three laureates and two different works may
be selected per award. Except for the Peace Prize, which can be awarded to institutions, the awards can only be given to individuals
Since 1974, laureates must be alive at the time of the October announcement.
The prize in Literature is typically awarded to recognise a cumulative lifetime body of work
rather than a single achievement
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